Traditional Chinese Medicine
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been around for thousands of years. Although the first recorded history of Traditional Chinese Medicine dates back over two thousand years, it is believed that the origins of TCM go back more than five thousand years. According to the legends of China, there are three legendary emperors who played a significant role in history of Traditional Chinese Medicine. First, Fu Xi (around 3000 BC) was a leader who discovered the flow between Heaven and Earth which he embodied in the principles of Yin and Yang. He also created nine needles used in treating acupuncture points. He is considered as the father of acupuncture and moxibustion. Second, Shen Nong (around 3000 BC) is considered as the founder of Chinese herbal medicine. In order to determine the nature of different herbs, Shen Nong sampled various kinds of plants, test and analyze their individual effects. Third, Huang Di (around 475-221 BC) is associated with Huang Di Nei Jing, also known as the Inner Canon of the Yellow Emperor which is the earliest and most important written documentation of Traditional Chinese Medicine.
Acupuncture is commonly considered safe when performed by a licensed TCM practitioner. Improperly performed acupuncture can cause potentially serious side effects. Acupressure on the other hand can be self-learned. There is no need to be expert to apply some common acupressure points.
From the perspective of Traditional Chinese Medicine, all illnesses, is the result of energy imbalance, either in the form of an excess or a deficiency of the body's elemental energy. Qi, the energy or vital life force flows through your body along pathways known as meridians and is affected by the balance of yin and yang. It regulates our spiritual, emotional, mental, and physical health. Your body becomes ill if there is a blockage or imbalance in the energy flow. TCM treatment aims to restore the balance of Qi energy. Yin-yang theory is the concept of two opposing but complementary forces that shape the world and all life. The balance of yin and yang maintains harmony in your body, mind and the universe.
TCM Treatments for Health Conditions
Traditional Chinese Medicine Techniques
Traditional Chinese Medicine Education
"Develop modern medicine and Chinese traditional medicine" was put into the Constitution and the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine was established in 1986. Two years later, on the basis of the Administration, the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Pharmacology was established. It is responsible for the national management of traditional Chinese medicine and pharmacology, for formulation of developing strategies, guiding principles, policies, laws and regulations, in charge of TCM therapy, health care and rehabilitation programs of traditional Chinese medicine, integrated traditional and western medicine and nationality medicine; and development of scientific techniques, as well as in comprehensive control of the equilibrium between production, supply and marketing of traditional Chinese medicine.
Traditional Chinese Medicine education has developed gradually undergraduate education, postgraduate education. The TCM higher education has been expanded in scale and its professional structure has been rationally regulated. In education of university and college level, with the advance of the reform, some specialized subjects such as TCM foundations, orthopedics and traumatology, massage, preparation of Chinese medicine have been gradually added on the bases of the subjects of traditional Chinese medicine, Chinese pharmacology and acupuncture.
The Development of Traditional Chinese Medicine in China
On December 6, 2016, the State Council Information Office of the People's Republic of China issued a white paper on the development of Traditional Chinese Medicine in China.
Traditional Chinese Medicine Universities
Traditional Chinese Medicine Clinics
Traditional Chinese Medicine has made great contribution to the health of Chinese people for thousands years, and it became an independent medical system in world medical field with its special clinical effect, rational theory system and rich practice experience. The first written documentation on Traditional Chinese Medicine, Huang Di Nei Jing lays a primary foundation for the theories of Chinese medicine which extensively summarizes and systematizes the previous experience of treatment and theories of medicine.
The reason for the lastingness of Traditional Chinese Medicine lies in that it has great vitality. TCM has rational property, scientific theory system and rich contents. In this sense, the advantage of TCM is just the basis of TCM education. Since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, Chinese government has attached great importance to Traditional Chinese Medicine, formulating a series of guiding principles and policies to support and promote its development.