Lesson 3


Pronunciation of Finals

Together with the 21 initials to there are also 36 finals. Combining the two makes a Pinyin syllable.

Syllable = initial (consonant) + final (vowel) + tone (of your voice)

Finals

 
i
u
ü
a
ia
ua
o
uo
e
ie
üe
er
ai
uai
ei
uei
ao
iao
ou
iou
an
ian
uan
üan
en
in
uen
ün
ang
iang
uang
eng
ing
ueng
ong
iong

Practically, the finals can be divided up in the following way:

6 single vowel Finals
14 compound vowel Finals
16 nasal Finals

Click Here to Listen to the Audio

Finals

How They Sound

Pronunciation Hints and Tips

a
Like the a in father  
o
Like the ou in four  
e
Like the ir in bird
i
Like the ee in see
u
Like the oo in moon  
ü
No direct English comparison Like the "ee" in i and push your lips forward.
er
Sounds like ehrr  
ai
Like the y in my  
ei
Like the a in able  
ao
Like the ou in out
ou
Like the o in go  
ia
No direct English comparison The sounds of and a said together. i is short and shallow, the a is long and deep
ie
Sounds like the expression...yyeah  
ua
Like the whaaa in what The sounds of and a said together. u is short and shallow, the a is long and deep
uo
Sounds like whaahh The sounds of and o said together. u is short and shallow, the o is long and deep
üe
Sounds like youehh The sounds of ü and ê said together. ê is short and shallow, the o is long and deep
iao
Sounds like yeowww The sounds of and au said together. i is short and shallow, the a and u are long and deep
iou
Sounds like yaow  
uai
Sounds like whyy and ui said together. u and are short and soft, the middle a is loud and clear
uei

Sounds like weigh

and ei said together. u and are short and soft, the middle e is loud and clear

an

Like the an in ant

 

en

Like the en in end

in

Like the in in ink

 

ün

Sounds like yuin

and en said together

ang

Sounds like aahng

 

eng

Like the ung in hung

 

ing

Sounds like yuong

 

ong
Like the ong in song  
ian
Sounds like yan  
uan
Sounds like a long one slight emphasis on the ooooone
üan
Sounds like yuan  
uen
Sounds like a long whin emphasis the and n like wwwhinnnn
iang
Sounds like a long young young  said slowely, emphasis the g
uang
Sounds like whaaang  
ueng
Sounds like whuuung  
iong
Sounds like yonggg  
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